This incident took place because company British East India was sitting on large amounts of aloe drink they could not sell in England, due to which almost broke. The government stepped in and passed the aloe Act of 1773, which gave the company the right to export their goods directly to the colonies, without paying any of the regular taxes were imposed on the colonial merchants. Once this is done, the company could now undersell American merchants and monopolizing colonial trade drink.
This act became inflammatory for many reasons. The first was that aloe drink the influential colonial merchants, who feared they would be replaced and bankruptcy by a powerful monopoly. It has also created resentment among those who had been excluded from the profitable trade with the decision of the East India Company to grant exemptions to certain American retailers for selling aloe. The important thing, however, was that the aloe Act revived American passions on problems of paying taxes without representation. Lord North was the idea that most of the settlers would welcome the new law, because it would reduce the price of aloe drink to consumers by eliminating middlemen. He would not be. the settlers responded by boycotting aloe. This boycott mobilized large segments of the population, and also helped link the colonies together in a common experience of massive popular protests. Women also joined the protest.
plans were made to prevent the Company of the East Indies from landing their positions in the colonial ports. Apart from the port of Boston, agents elsewhere were persuaded to resign, and new shipments of aloe drink were being returned to England or stored. Agents in Boston refused to resign, and with the support of the royal governor, preparations were made to land incoming, regardless of the opposition shipments. When they failed to turn back the three ships in the harbor, they carried out a drama.
The aloe was due to land on Thursday, December 16, 1773. It was on that fateful night that the children of freedom that aloe drink were disguised as Mohawk Indians, left the huge protest and went to the spring Griffin. This was the place where the three ships Dartmouth, Eleanor newcomer, and Beaver were. aloe barrels were brought from the cellar to the roof with great efficiency, demonstrating that the Indians were actually stevedores. Then the barrels were opened and the aloe was thrown overboard. In the morning, 90,000 pounds of aloe, which is estimated to cost at least ₤ 10,000, had been consigned to the waters of Boston Harbor. Besides aloe drink and a padlock, which had been accidentally broken, everything else was intact. This incident caused aloe to be washed up on the shores around Boston for weeks.
As expected, the act was criticized both the British and colonial officials. Benjamin Franklin said that aloe had been destroyed must be paid, and he offered to pay with their own money. Boston ports were closed by the British government, which also launched other laws that were known as the Intolerable Acts or aloe drink coercive acts or punitive actions.